Planetary Health and the Global Financial System
This paper explores the relationship between the global financial system and planetary health, the role that the financial system could have in shifting the global economy towards planetary health approaches, and analyses existing and emerging measures that could become part of a planetary health approach to finance.
Grounding Corporate Strategy in Planetary Health
This paper explores the challenges to corporate strategy that planetary health brings, as well as the approaches and tools that could contribute to better allow businesses to understand their impacts on environment and health and take action. Incorporating non-financial data into financial accounts, employing natural capital tools and broadening the definition of corporate purpose are three important processes that are discussed. It also analyses several available tools and provides two case studies of businesses that have acted to redefine their corporate strategy.
Evidencing Links between Biodiversity and Health: A Rapid Review with a Water Quality Case Study
This paper explores the links between biodiversity and human health, proposing a conceptual framework to understand these links, and to manage the uncertainty that arises from the complexity of biodiversity-health links and the associated knowledge gaps. It also provides valuable recommendations and guidance to policy-makers and technical experts, including those developing international biodiversity and health targets.
Environmental Change and Human Health: An Assessment of the Economic Significance of Global Warming and Air Pollution for Planetary Health
This paper explores the health impacts of global warming and air pollution. It shows that air pollution is already a significant contributor to global mortality, and in the coming decades, global warming is also predicted to have greater health impacts, including increased mortality. In both cases, climate change mitigation and the transition to clean energy have significant potential to reduce the health impacts of these two planetary health issues.
Climate Change, Flooding and Mental Health
This report explores the linkages between climate change, flooding and mental health, showing a decrease in carbon emissions can help slow the current rate of sea-level rise, thus allowing for a greater range of adaptation options to be implemented. This includes coastal protection to reduce vulnerability, which limits the potential for mental health impacts, while capital investment to increase mental healthcare quality and capacity will allow states to protect themselves against catastrophic floods.
Pacific Island Countries: An Early Warning of Climate Change Impacts
The impact of climate change on the livelihoods and health of populations in the Pacific offers a case study and an early warning of likely threats to the global economy and planetary well-being. Using Pacific Island Countries as an illustration, this paper offers insight into what may be foreshadowed for other coastal nations if climate change is not immediately addressed.
Sanitation in the Context of Planetary Health: Opportunities and Challenges
This paper reviews the relationship between sanitation, one of the key public health challenges, and planetary health, and offers solutions to achieve targets set for water and sanitation as part of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Valuing Human Health Effects from Global Environmental Change
There is strong evidence that global environmental change harms human health, though the human health effects only represent a small fraction of the total effects on human well-being. This background paper describes the approach for valuing human health effects from global environmental change andto improve comparisons of the benefits from environmental improvements with its costs.
Environmental Change and Infectious Diseases
Failure to prevent ongoing climate change, deforestation and degradation of natural ecosystems will lead to a continued regularity of infectious disease outbreaks in humans. This background paper outlines four modes of infectious disease transmission and emphasizes several types of environmental change which continue to fuel global disease emergence.
Bringing Health and the Environment into Decision-Making: The Natural Capital Approach
This background paper gives an overview of the measures available to governments and businesses to understand the health and environmental consequences of alternative decisions and investments. This approach to understanding decisions from both a business and a wider social well-being perspective is commonly referred to as the natural capital approach.
Environmental Policy-Making: Theory & Practice
This background paper provides a brief overview of economic perspectives on the root causes of environmental problems and common policy tools used to address them. It also provides a number of case studies to illustrate how these policies are applied in practice and their impacts on human health.
Human Health in an Era of Global Environmental Change
This background paper provides an overview of the relationship between global environmental change and human health – the health of current and future generations. It cautions against the continued damage to the natural resource base on which good health depends.